Written by Therapy Focus Speech Pathologist, Natalie Elias
Key Word Sign, formerly known as Makaton, is a simplified form of manual signing and a highly effective form of communication. It builds upon natural gesture and body language, which forms so much of how we communicate day-to-day.
In Australia we borrow from the signs of Auslan, the language of the Australian deaf community. Key Word Sign may be used with both children and adults, and can benefit communicators who have difficulties with attention, comprehension and/or developing speech.
The principles of Key Word Sign
- Sign and speech go together
- Speak in regular, complete sentences
- Sign only the key words in your sentence e.g. “Do you want to play?”
- Use facial expression and body language to add meaning
- Teach signs that are relevant and interactive to allow the communicator to comment, question, request, protest and share their feelings and opinions
The benefits of Key Word Sign
- Provides visual information alongside speech, which can assist visual learners
- Lasts longer than speech, which can assist communicators who need more time to process information
- Encourages a good language model where we slow our speech rate, simplify what we say and emphasise the most important words
- Increases opportunities for successful interactions, as signs are easier to produce than speech
- Promotes the extension of language skills while speech is still developing
- Reduces frustration, as communicators have a tool for expressing their needs
It only takes one sign and a willing communication partner to get started with Key Word Sign, though it’s important to make sure you create a signing environment.
Creating a signing environment
- Choosing to use signs that are going to be powerful, motivating and allow the communicator to interact in different settings
- Modelling sign in all parts of your day. Communicators will not use sign if they don’t see it being used in real life
- Creating opportunities to sign. Try to offer choices, make some deliberate mistakes and keep items of interest in sight but out of reach. Most importantly, make sure you pause to allow the communicator to have a turn
- Accept any attempts to sign, and keep the communication positive and rewarding
Interested in learning Key Word Sign?
Other helpful resources:
- Auslan Signbank – a language resources site for Auslan.
- Getting Started with Key Word Sign – a starter vocabulary book for people learning to use this method of communication.
- Key Word Sign Australia app – allows you to print signs from interactive vocabularies, create sign dictionaries and visuals and to view videos of how to produce a sign. Available on iPad only.